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The following precautions should be taken to prevent cysticercosis:

  • Wash hands with water and soap after using the toilet, before handling food, after changing diapers.
  • Explain the importance of washing hands to children.
  • Wash thoroughly and peel all fruits and raw vegetables before eating.
  • Follow safety measures while traveling to developing countries, where cysticercosis is prevalent; such as:
  • Drink only boiled or bottled water or carbonated drinks in cans or bottles.
  • Filter water if you feel that it is not clean with “absolute 1 micron or less” filters and add iodine tablets to the filtered water.
  • Ensure that the meat or fish is properly cooked before eating.
  • Eat vegetables and fruits that have been peeled by you.
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The transmission of cysticercosis can be controlled by:

  • Educating the population in endemic areas about the route of transmission of the tapeworm eggs.
  • Organising meat inspection in regions with high prevalence.
  • Cooking meat thoroughly and freezing it before cooking can kill the cysticerci.
  • Avoiding undercooked pork in the areas of endemic cysticercosis.
  • Identifying human carriers of tapeworm depending on the history of proglottid passage and initiating targeted treatment.
  • Maintaining good sanitary conditions, especially by properly disposing human stool in endemic areas.
  • Changing pig-raising methods in endemic areas, probably by confining the animals and stopping them from roaming freely to prevent them from contacting infectious ova excreted in human feces.
  • Vaccinating the pigs.

Combination of mass treatment of pigs, mass treatment for tapeworm carriage, and vaccination of pigs have shown to be beneficial in interrupting the transmission of T. solium infection in endemic regions. Also, mass chemotherapy has shown to effective in interrupting the transmission, but the infection usually recurs in a few years.

Mass anthelminthic therapy have shown only limited success; but importantly, this method can cause adverse neurologic events in patients with undiagnosed neurocysticercosis.